Multi-Purpose Cash Assistance in North Ethiopia
Cash Assistance Comes in Handy for Internally Displaced People (IDP) in North Ethiopia.
People in Ethiopia face multiple and complex crises, resulting in an estimated 25.9 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2022. There were over 4.2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) across the country, double the figure at the end of 2020 largely because of the intensification of conflict and violence.
Last Mile Mobile Solutions (LMMS) is used in the northern Ethiopian conflict which has accounted for more than 50% of the total IDPs caseload across the country, with the conflict displacing more than 2.1 million people. Nearly all regions in Ethiopia are experiencing some form of conflict, intercommunal tension, or violence, with hotspots in northern Ethiopia, Benishangul Gumuz, and Oromia. According to the latest available national IDPs survey, conflict accounted for 85% of all internal displacement as of September 2021.
WVE staffs coordinating the cash distribution in Gonder Zuria District Area Program.
The Cash Distribution has been made by our financial service provider (Birhan International bank, Gondar Branch) using digital technology called LMMS (Last Mile Mobile Solution) as per National level corporal agreement between BIB and WVE.
The Gondar Zuria Area Development Programme (ADP) works with the Gondar Zuria community to address the challenges of acute water diarrhoea and care for children and adults affected by HIV and AIDS.
Gonder Zuria district health-office head Mekonnen Neberu says:
“The community was at first resistant towards World Vision.
Now the perception has totally changed. They are saying
‘World Vision is here for me and my children.”
Mola Jembere with his wife, and their baby, receive assistance with ease and speed.
As a member of the PLWHAs association, Yalga Mola works in one of the retail shops run by the association.
Cash Assistance Beneficiaries
Fasika Tadele, a 30-year-old mother of six children, is also a cash assistance beneficiary. She was displaced from Maikadera city in North Ethiopia. Because of the fight, her husband, a good farmer, killed. With her six children, she displaced to Enfranz town, Gonder Zuria District.
Emebet dessie accepting cash assistance from the cashers.
During Registration an LMMS Card can be printed and serves as a method of identity and verification of beneficiaries.
The bank received PBDL that matches the transfer amount allocated to each eligible and targeted households/beneficiaries that have with their digital and barcoded ID number.
The provided plastic card, with all information encrypted in the barcode labeled on the card, stores the amount of money that will be distributed to the beneficiaries
The LMMS trained bank staffs will conduct a cash transaction at the field using the LMMS configured and dedicated Android phone/tablets with the beneficiary card through card scanning process. Through the scanning process, the Bank staff distributes the cash on the system, and after that physical cash is given to the beneficiary after the LMMS card is already scanned.
An estimated 1.37 million IDPs are said living across Amhara region in IDPs sites and in host communities. Of these, over 674,000 are new IDPs as a result of the expansion of the North Ethiopia crises. There has been registered 1665 IDPs including children, lactating mothers, pregnant mothers, and people with disabilities in Gondar Zuriya District of Central Gonder Zone who came from North Ethiopia, Benshangul Gumz and Oromia region.
Tsehay Setgne, a 25-year-old mother of three, is one of the IDPs who resided with the host community in Enfranz town, Gonder Zuria District. She and her three children fled from Guji Zone in Oromia Region a year ago. Tsehay, along with her children used to live a better life. “I used to own a boutique. I also worked as a farmer, renting farmland from locals and earning a nice living,” she says. However, conflict began in the neighborhood, affecting the lives of locals. She has painful memories of the conflict that occurred before a year. “When things became hostile to us, I fled to save my children and left everything behind,” She adds.
IDPs in Gonder Zuria District are almost overlooked by government and aid organizations. The misery of these IDPs is terrible, and the host community’s capacity is exhausted. “We live in difficult circumstances,” Tsehay explains. When you have kids, it’s even more tough. “Children have a lot of demands. As a mother, I understand what it means for children to go without water, food, or even clothing. When we were displaced, my children and I ran for three hours to save our lives. They are still suffering from diarrhea. You must have the financial means to obtain the right treatment. We’ve lost everything and can’t afford to pay for medical treatment,” she further notes.
According to Yeshiwas Mengesha, Gondar Zuriya Area Programme Manager the Area Programme has repurposed US$83,000 from its annual budget to respond to the crisis in consultation with district partners. 3.2 million Birr (over US$65,000) has been distributed to 1,339 IDPs in the first round.
“Glory to God, this cash assistance is quite beneficial to us. I will buy clothes and school materials that will help them learn better. It will bring a great joy to my children, ” Tsehay explains in delight.
“I’ll buy food and school supplies for my kids. I am hoping to acquire some sheep and start fattening to support my income,” says another beneficiary Fasika Tadele, 30-year-old and mother of six children.